The most important industries in Turkey

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The most important industries in Turkey

- agricultural industries
Ataturk Dam is the largest of the 22 dams in the Southeast Anatolia Project. The program includes 22 dams and 19 hydraulic power generation stations.

Turkey is the largest producer of hazelnuts, cherries, figs, apricots and pomegranates in the world; It is also considered the second largest producer of watermelon; And the third largest producer of cucumbers, green peppers, lentils and pistachios.

Turkey ranks fourth in the cultivation of tomatoes, eggplant and olives; In addition to being the fifth largest producer of tea, chickpeas, sugar beets, almonds, onions, lemons, grapefruits, cotton and barley.

Livestock products, including meat, milk, wool and eggs, contributed to more than a third of the value of agricultural production in Turkey.

Fishing is an important part of the economy. In 2005, Turkish fisheries harvested 545,673 tons of fish and Turkey was distinguished by aquaculture.

Consumer electronics and home appliances industry
Turkish brands such as Beko and Vestel are among the largest producers of consumer electronics and home appliances in Europe.

Turkey's Vestel is the largest producer of television sets in Europe, and Vestel and its Turkish brand of electronics and white goods, Beko, accounted for more than half of the production of television sets manufactured in Europe.

- Textile and apparel industry
Turkish companies provided garment exports worth $13.98 billion in 2006; More than $10.67 billion (76.33%) has been provided to EU member states.

Defense Mechanisms Industry
A prominent Turkish defense industry is the SOM cruise missile developed by TÜB?TAK SAGE and Roketsan for the Turkish Air Force.

Other defensive products include the Altay main battle tank, AW-M400 frigate, TAI TFX, TF-2000 AAW-class, Milgem model, Corvette, and TAI Anka UAV.

The country has two of the most modern weapons factories; The country's exports in 2014 from arms sales amounted to 1.6 billion US dollars, and these factories manufacture F-16 warplanes, and many firearms.

Iron and steel industry

Turkey ranks eighth in the list of countries by steel production. In 2013, the total steel production was 29 million tons.

Turkey's crude steel production reached a record high of 34.1 million tons in 2011.

The Turkish Satellite Assembly, Integration and Test Center is a spacecraft production and testing facility owned by the Ministry of National Defense and operated by the Turkish Aerospace Industry Corporation.

The Turkish Space Launch System is a project aimed at developing Turkey's satellite launch capacity.

tourism sector
Tourism constitutes one of the most dynamic and fastest developing sectors in Turkey. It contains 11 of the 100 best hotels in the world.

Oludeniz, which is located on the turquoise coast of Turkey, is famous for its shades of turquoise and aquamarine, as well as the beauty of its beach called the official blue flag beach, which is often rated among the top 5 beaches in the world by travelers

Auto industry
Since the late 1960s, the automobile industry has become an important part of the Turkish economy. The companies operating in this sector are mainly concentrated in the Marmara region.

Turkish car companies such as TEMSA, Otokar and BMC are among the world's largest bus and truck manufacturers.

In 2008 Turkey produced 1,225,400 cars, ranking fifth among Europe's largest products (followed by the United Kingdom and Italy).

The Turkish automotive sector has become an integral part of the global network of production bases, exporting more than $22.94 billion worth of cars and spare parts in 2008.

Turkey's annual car exports, including trucks and buses, exceeded 1 million units for the first time in 2016 as foreign carmakers' investment in new models in its core European market drove up shipments.

The most prominent thing that Turkey is famous for commercially

Turkey's most important exports are automobiles ($13.2 billion), gold ($6.96 billion), delivery trucks ($5.04 billion), vehicle parts ($4.64 billion) and jewelry ($3.39 billion), using the 1992 revision of the Harmonized System (HS) classification ) . Its main imports are gold ($17.1 billion), refined oil ($9.8 billion), cars ($8.78 billion), auto parts ($6.34 billion), and scrap iron ($5.84 billion).

Turkey's top export destinations are Germany ($17.4 billion), the United Kingdom ($10.1 billion), Italy ($9.4 billion), the United Arab Emirates ($9.2 billion) and Iraq ($9.1 billion). The main sources of imports are China ($23 billion), Germany ($22.5 billion), Russia ($13.2 billion), Italy ($11.4 billion) and the United States ($11.3 billion).

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